On this day in Black history…
1. 1983 – Pianist Eubie Blake died in Brooklyn, NY 5 days after his 100th birthday.
2. 1962 – Bus boycott started in Macon, Georgia.
3. 1956 – In 1956, the first black late-night talk show host in history, Arsenio Hall was born.
4. 1952 – Congressional Medal of Honor awarded posthumously to Sgt. Cornelius H. Charlton for heroism in Korea.
5. 1948 – First Lt. Nancy C. Leftenant became the first Black accepted in the regular army nursing corps.
6. 1939 – Augustus Nathaniel Lushington became the first African American to earn a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.), earning the doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania in 1897; died on this day.
7. 1934 – Birthday of William Felton Russell, better known as “Bill” Russel, he was player-coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team in 1968 and 1969. Russell was born in Monroe, Louisiana.
8. 1930 – In Tuskegee, Alabama, the Rosenwald Fund made grants to the Alabama State Board of Health to help meet the cost of a study of syphilis in African American men living in rural Georgia and Alabama. Thus would begin a four decade long study of syphilis without treatment. Over 400 men were allowed to carry the disease without medical treatment for nearly 40 years. Several government agencies including the Federal Public Health Service and the Center for Disease Control participated in the unethical study. It was kept a secret until 1972 when a newspaper reporter disclosed it.
9. 1909 – NAACP founded
Founded in 1909 in New York City by a group of black and white citizens committed to social justice, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is the nation’s largest and strongest civil rights organization. The NAACP’s principal objective is to ensure the political, educational, social and economic equality of minority group citizens of United States and eliminate race prejudice. The NAACP seeks remove all barriers of racial discrimination through democratic processes. This mission is accomplished by seeking the enactment and enforcement of federal, state and local laws securing civil rights, and by informing the public of the adverse effects of racial discrimination.
10. 1909 – NAACP Founded
The National Association for The Advancement of Colored People is a civil rights organization founded in 1909 by 60 black and white citizens. It helps prevent unjust acts,and set equality for all minorites. It achieved major success in the arts, business,and other fields. Currently, it is trying to abolish the “N-word” in the Websters dictionary which depicts the word as a black person.
11. 1909 – The NAACP is founded.
12. 1907 – Roberta Martin, gospel great born
Born this day in Helena, AR — died Jan. 18, 1969 Worked with gospel greats like Thomas Dorsey and Theodore Frye. Sis. Martin became owner of one of the largest gospel publishing houses in Chicago.
13. 1900 –
For a Lincoln birthday celebration, James Weldon Johnson writes the lyrics for “Lift Every Voice and Sing”. With music by his brother, J. Rosamond, the song is first sung by 500 children in Jacksonville, Fla. It will become known as the “Negro National Anthem”.
14. 1882 – Henry Highland Garnet Dies
Black rights activist Henry Highland Garnet dies, soon after being appointed the U.S. ambassador to Liberia.
15. 1869 – Isaac Murphy, famous jockey dies
Issac Burns Murphy, jockey, dies.
16. 1865 – Henry Highland Garnet, first Black to speak in the Capitol, delivered memorial sermon on the abolition of slavery at services in the House of Representatives. Henry Highland Garnet was born a slave in New Market, Maryland, in 1815….
17. 1793 – First fugitive slave law enacted by Congress
In 1793, Congress passed the first Fugitive Slave Law to implement the provisions in the Constitution. It stated that to reclaim an escaped slave a master needed only to go before a magistrate and provide oral or written proof of ownership. The magistrate would then issue an order for the arrest of the slave. The slave was not given a trial in court or allowed to present evidence on their own behalf, including proof of having previously earned their freedom. Many Northern states passed “Personal Liberty” laws that granted a fugitive slave rights, such as trial by jury.