This Day in Black History: February 1st

Celebrate-Black-History-Mon

On this day in Black history…

1. 1997 – First 24-Hour Black Movie Channel
BET Holdings and Encore Media Corp. launch BET Movie/Starz the first 24 hour Black Movie channel.

2. 1997 – Black Facts Online Goes Live!
Black Facts Online, the premiere spot for Black history goes online.

3. 1990 – Original Sit-In Revisited
In Greensboro, North Carolina, Joseph McNeil, Jibreel Khazan (Ezell Blair), Franklin McCain and David Richond repeated the original sit-in of 30 years prior, by having breakfast at the Greensboro Woolworth store.

4. 1990 – Ida Wells Postage Stamp Issued
Ida Wells, a black reformer who compiled records on lynching, is the subject of a United States Postal Service stamp.

5. 1978 – The first stamp of the U.S. Postal Service’s
The first stamp of the U.S. Postal Service’s Black Heritage USA series honors Harriet Tubman, famed abolitionist and “conductor” on the Underground Railroad

6. 1974 – “Good Times” premieres on CBS.

7. 1967 – Poet Langston Hughes dies.

8. 1965 – Selma Demonstration Ends in 700 Arrests
More than seven hundred demonstrators, including Martin Luther King Jr., arrested in Selma.

9. 1965 – Actress Ruby Dee in Shakespeare Festival
Ruby Dee was the first African American actress to play a major role at the American Shakespeare Festival in Stratford, Conneticut.

10. 1960 – Sit-in Movement in Greensboro, North Carolina
Four students form North Carolina A&T College started Sit-in movement at Greensboro, N.C., five-and-dime store. By February 10 movement had spread to fifteen Southern cities in five states.

11. 1952 – Rock/Funk singer Rick James is born

12. 1937 – Actor/Comedian Garrett Morris (Saturday Night Live, Martin)is born in New Orlean
Actor/Comedian Garrett Morris (Saturday Night Live, Martin)is born in New Orleans

13. 1926 – Negro History Week Begins
What is now known as Black History Month, was first celebrated on this date as Negro History Week by Carter G. Woodson. It became a month long celebration in 1976.

14. 1902 – Langston Hughes
One of the most famous poets, Langston Hughes was born in the year 1902. Hughes came from the Harlem Renaissance, the early stages of the Black Arts Movement. Hughes was well known in the streets of Harlem, making him one of the greatest poets of all time. Before his death in 1967, he wrote fifteen collections of poetry, two autobiographies, and seven collections of short stories, as well as other juvenile books and translations. Among the many he did were The Poetry of the Negro, and Weary Blues. His mark upon this time, made him the most profilic and dignified poets of Harlem and throughout the world.

15. 1887 – J. Robinson patents food carrier
Robinson, J. Dinner Pail Feb. 01, 1887 Patent No. 356,852

16. 1871 – 1st Black to Speak in US House of Representatives
Jefferson Long of Georgia became the first Black to make an official speech in the House of Representatives. He opposed leniency to former Confederates.

17. 1870 – Jonathan Jasper Wright
Jonathan Jasper Wright is elected to the South Carolina Supreme Court. He is the first African American to hold a major judicial position.

18. 1865 – First African American Before US Supreme Court
John Sweat Rock (1825-1866), a noted Boston lawyer, became in 1865 the first African-American to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court and the first Black person to speak before the U.S. House of Representatives.

19. 1865 – Ratification of the 13th Amendment
The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which abolished slavery, was adopted by the 38th Congress. Ratification was completed December 6, 1865.

20. 1834 – Henry McNeal Turner Born
Henry McNeal Turner was born on what is now Hannah Circuit, near Newberry, which was then in Abbeville County, South Carolina. Young Turner was “bound out” to the hardest king of labor in the cotton fields and the blacksmith’s trade in Abbeville until his “manhood” at age 12. He possessed an insatiable craving for knowledge.

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